Whether you want to feel the wind in your hair or not is entirely up to you: the new Mercedes-Benz E-Class Cabriolet is the first car that can fulfil either of these wishes at the push of the button.
The innovation behind this is called AIRCAP® – an automatic draught-stop system that reduces interior turbulence at all four seats whilst setting new standards in terms of ease-of-use and acoustic comfort.
At the same time, this innovation enables the Mercedes-Benz E-Class Cabriolet to be driven with the top down in all four seasons – even with a full complement of occupants on board. When paired with the further improved Mercedes innovation AIRSCARF®, it makes open-top driving a highly pleasurable fresh-air experience, even when it is cold outside. Because a ‘cap and scarf’ are always on board. AIRCAP® consists of two components: a wind deflector that can be extended by around six centimetres with a net in the windscreen frame and a draught-stop between the rear seats. AIRCAP® therefore meets two aerodynamic requirements: the wind deflector elevates the airflow, while the net raises the pressure level in the interior in a controlled manner, thus reducing the backflow, which is curbed and equalised by the draught-stop.
Hence the air movements in the interior of the E-Class Cabriolet are reduced substantially, creating a sea of warm air: warm air flowing into the interior from the heating system remains there for much longer when AIRCAP® is activated. Similarly, on extremely hot days, the air conditioning and AIRCAP® allow the passengers to enjoy a pleasantly cool interior, even when the roof is open.
Practical and comfortable: a new dimension of open-top driving
AIRCAP® offers a wealth of benefits over conventional bracketed draught-stops:
• At the push of a button, AIRCAP® reduces turbulence, even for those sat in the rear seats
• No manual installation or removal required
• Rear seats always remain fully accessible – either for passengers or for luggage items such as sports bags or briefcases
• No need to stow the draught-stop in the boot when it is not in use, which would take up valuable space
• Vastly improved all-round visibility
During a product clinic organised by the Mercedes Market Research department, cabriolet drivers were able to test the new system on prototypes – and they welcomed it enthusiastically. Not least because the central control panel can be used to operate the AIRCAP® functions and, at the push of a button, lower all four side windows simultaneously. Furthermore, the driver can activate the AIRCAP® system at speeds of up to 160 km/h, while the system can remain in use right up to the car’s top speed.
The front element of the AIRCAP® system – the wind deflector with perfused net in the windscreen frame – is switched to either on or off. Meanwhile, the small draught-stop between the rear head restraints, together with which it is moved up and down electrically, has three positions: retracted, half extended and fully extended. In the lower position, AIRCAP® is deactivated. When the AIRCAP® button is pressed, the system adopts the middle position, in which case the front occupants enjoy the full benefit of less driving wind, while rear visibility is not impaired. If one of the rear occupants puts on a seat belt (i.e. if at least one of the rear seats is occupied), the head restraint and draught-stop move to their highest positions, meaning that even the rear passengers enjoy better protection from the wind than passengers in conventional cabriolets. Finally, the wind deflector module can also be extended when the roof is up, for cleaning purposes, thanks to a special switching system.
When AIRCAP® is activated, not only is there less draught, meaning increased comfort, the interior noise level is also reduced substantially – all passengers therefore find it much easier to communicate with each other.
How it works: a triumph of aerodynamics and design
Many years of intensive development work were required before AIRCAP® was ready for series production. When the team of aerodynamics experts headed by Peter Dannhäuser and Dr Alexander Wäschle started developing the automatic draught-stop for the E-Class Cabriolet, they seized an idea that had already been tested for the E-Class Cabriolet (model series 124) at the beginning of the 1990s but could not be implemented.
The function of the two components soon became clear:
• Elevation of the free flow above the interior
• Net at the front reduces the annoying vacuum in the interior
• Draught-stop at the rear reduces the backflow
• Faint secondary swirl in the lower area of the passenger compartment
However, many simulations (see section entitled “Under the microscope: flow simulation”) and numerous wind tunnel tests were required to optimise the exact dimensions and positions of the two AIRCAP® elements. Selecting suitable nets proved especially time-consuming: over two hundred different combinations were tested until the optimum material mix was found in terms of through-flow, dirt
deflection a Implementing the idea in series production then provided a further major hurdle for the team around Bernd Plocher together with the designers Daniel Seifert and Serkan Fidan. The invention of a new four-link kinematic system allowed them to integrate the extendable wind deflector into the smallest of spaces in the upper windscreen frame without altering the latter’s contours and, therefore, the car’s flowing lines. The intelligent construction and the selection of high-strength lightweight materials enabled them to produce an extremely slender wind deflector. It proved particularly tricky to house the electric drive system in a cavity measuring just three centimetres across – but a specially contracted Swiss supplier eventually came up with a suitable drive motor with a diameter of 1.8 centimetres and a torque of six newton metres.
The wind deflector also had to be designed to withstand the heavy pounding by the wind and weather without letting moisture or dust reach the car’s interior or the sensitive drive components – all of which was verified in extensive tests (see section entitled “Testing” in this press kit). Finally, the protective effect of the windscreen frame had to remain fully intact in the event of roll-over. This was achieved thanks to the integral design of the front wind deflector module with the kinematic elements.
The wind deflector module is also an integral part of the PRE-SAFE® functions for the E-Class Cabriolet.‑If an imminent accident is detected, AIRCAP® retracts into the windscreen frame.
The wind deflector module comprises a total of 211 individual components (motor/gear unit counted as one component), while the 32 different materials used are protected against all environmental influences by 14 different coatings and surfaces. One further number clearly underlines the lengths to which the developers went to enhance comfort for cabriolet drivers: the development is protected by almost 20 patents.
AIRCAP® is a world-first which sees Mercedes-Benz continuing its tradition of using innovations to make open-top driving exceptionally comfortable and safe. It was in 1989 that the brand introduced the first draught-stop as a world premiere in the SL model series – a feature that has now long been standard in roadsters and cabriolets made by many other brands. Here are some of Mercedes-Benz’s other pioneering achievements:
Mercedes innovations have been making open-top driving safer and more comfortable for over 45 years
– 1963 Standard equipment for the 230 SL (W 113) included a removable coupé roof. The two-seater’s nickname “Pagoda” was derived from the roof’s classic shape. The removable coupé roof remained a regular feature of Mercedes sports cars up until the launch of the SL with vario-roof (R 230, 2001).
– 1989 The automatic roll-over bar and the draught-stop for the Mercedes SL (R 129) were world-firsts in the automotive industry.
– 1996 With the first-generation SLK (R 170), Mercedes-Benz revolutionised the idea of open-top driving: the folding top was made from steel rather than fabric, which is why the developers called it the “vario-roof”.
– 2004 The Mercedes SLK (R 171) marked the debut of the AIRSCARF® neck-level heating system. This patented system enables conditioned air to flow out of the head restraints to warm the driver and front passenger around the neck area.
– 2010 The new Mercedes-Benz E-Class Cabriolet is available with the AIRCAP® automatic draught-stop.
Source: Daimler AG